Legal & Regulatory

Establishing a Representative Office in Indonesia

Posted on by

By: Winnindo Business Consult
Editor: Dustin Daugherty

As a country with a population exceeding a quarter billion – by far the largest in ASEAN – Indonesia is an alluring market for foreign companies to promote and sell their products and services w. With a young population (the median age is 29 years, which is low by regional standards) and a large and growing middle class, many foreign businesses have established Indonesian subsidiaries to tap into the large market.

However, in many cases – especially for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) or other investors lacking the resources of multinational corporations – it is prudent to ease into the market slowly with a less expensive and lighter footprint to explore opportunities and gain market insights before committing to larger investments. For companies looking to conduct market research, identify potential partners, provide post-sales service or other support services, or even oversee the execution of commercial agreements with local partners, a Representative Office (RO) offers a low risk and low cost local presence. An RO can be an ideal structuring option to take advantage of Indonesia’s vast potential without committing substantial investment capital for patient investors initially content to conduct more limited activities and without a need to generate revenue locally.

Continue reading…


Intellectual Property Rights and Trademarks in Indonesia

Posted on by

By: Dezan Shira & Associates
Editor: Samuel Glickstein

Foreign firms in Indonesia can protect their investments by familiarizing themselves with the country’s intellectual property rights (IPR) landscape. Indonesia possesses a strong legal IPR framework that generally meets international standards.  The country is a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and has acceded to the Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPs Agreement). Furthermore, Indonesia has ratified most major international IP agreements, including the Paris Convention and the Berne Convention. In 2014 the Indonesian government amended the 2002 Copyright Law to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the country’s IPR system and protect copyright owners. The changes include extending copyright protections for most types of works from 50 years to 70 years after the death of the author, outlawing the illegal upload and download of copyrighted material for commercial purposes, creating harsher penalties and criminal sanctions for copyright violations, and establishing landlord liability for “deliberately and knowingly” permitting the sale or duplication of copyright infringing products.

However, it is difficult to safeguard and enforce IPR in Indonesia. The Office of the United States Trade Representative has placed Indonesia on its Special 301 Priority Watch List, a list of trading partners that experience IPR protection and enforcement issues. Counterfeiting as well as physical and online piracy are common in Indonesia. According to the International Intellectual Property Alliance, 86 percent of business software in the archipelago is unlicensed and retail piracy rates are likely even higher. Investigators from the Directorate General of Intellectual Property (DGIP) do not have authority to arrest people and must cooperate with the police for enforcement action. IP owners in Indonesia must file formal complaints with the police before authorities can take action. Carrying out raids on businesses that violate IPR in Indonesia is an expensive and time-consuming process because the police must interview witnesses.

Continue reading…


Distribution Arrangements and Import Licensing in Indonesia      

Posted on by

By: Dezan Shira & Associates
Editor: Samuel Glickstein

In March 2016, the Indonesian Ministry of Trade (MOT) issued Regulation No. 22 of 2016 on General Provisions on the Distribution of Goods. This law explains how goods can be distributed directly and indirectly within Indonesia. It defines a number of terms in Indonesian law including, distributors, sub-distributors, agents, sub-agents, grocers, retailers, etc. Furthermore, this regulation states that importers and distributors must go through retailers to sell their goods to consumers.

However, prevailing analysis on Regulation No. 22 indicates that changes it puts forward are meant for domestic companies and not foreign investment.

Related Services from Dezan Shira & Associates RELATED: Corporate Establishment Services from Dezan Shira & Associates

Distribution Via Local Partnerships

Foreign investment (PMA) companies are currently subject to regulation under Ministry of Trade Regulation No. 11 of 2006, which prohibits PMA companies from directly selling their goods to retailers. According to this regulation, PMA companies have to appoint a local distributor/agent to sell goods to a retailer. Then the retailer can sell the original products to consumers. Therefore, PMA companies must add another layer to their distribution chains, which will likely increase the price of their products.

Continue reading…


An Introduction to Foreign Investment in Indonesia – New Issue of Indonesia Briefing Magazine

Posted on by

indonesia-fdi-250x350The inaugural issue of Indonesia Briefing magazine, titled “An Introduction to Foreign Investment in Indonesia“, is out now and available to subscribers as a complimentary download in the Asia Briefing Publication Store.

Contents

  • Navigating Indonesia’s Foreign Investment Environment
  • Indonesia’s Updated Negative List: New Opportunities for Foreign Investment
  • Establishing a Representative Office in Indonesia
  • Understanding Tax Treatment of Representative Offices in Indonesia

Continue reading…


Indonesian Stimulus Gets Serious with Major Negative List Revisions

Posted on by

By: Dezan Shira & Associates
Editor:  Cameron Turnbull

On February 17th, 2016, Indonesian president, Joko Widodo, announced plans to further liberalize his nation’s economic policy’s 10th economic stimulus package aimed at stimulating foreign direct investment.

Indonesia has long been on the radar of international investors as a rapidly developing region with serious potential. More stable and diversified than many believe, domestic consumption represents 56 percent of total GDP.  This is higher than fellow ASEAN member countries Malaysia (52.4 percent) and Thailand (52.2 percent). It also dwarfs the domestic consumption of Asian economic giant China, which comes in at just 36.5 percent.

Continue reading…


Scroll to top